Empowering Voting Integrity: An Empirical Study of Blockchain Smart Contracts in Electoral Systems

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Lakshmi Sahasra
Thummalapally Anvitha Reddy
K. Venkatesh Sharma

Abstract

This paper presents an in-depth exploration of the application of smart contracts in blockchain technology, emphasizing their transformative potential in various domains. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of smart contracts in revolutionizing current systems, particularly focusing on their implementation in voting systems. Traditional voting mechanisms are fraught with challenges such as susceptibility to fraud, lack of transparency, and inefficiencies in vote tallying. The methodology adopted involves a comparative analysis of existing systems and the proposed blockchain-based model, along with a prototype development to empirically assess the performance of smart contracts in a voting context. Findings from the study indicate a significant enhancement in system performance when employing smart contracts. Notably, the blockchain-based voting system achieved a transaction throughput of 62.5 transactions per minute and maintained a system latency of only 14.5 seconds, showcasing its capability to handle high volumes of data efficiently and promptly. Furthermore, the accuracy of the vote tally was remarkably high at 99.98%, instilling confidence in the integrity of the election process. User satisfaction also stood out, with an 85% positive response, highlighting the system's user-friendliness and security. One of the key achievements of this research is the demonstration of how smart contracts can address the inherent weaknesses of traditional systems by providing a more secure, transparent, and efficient alternative. The paper concludes by outlining future work directions, such as enhancing transaction throughput and further reducing system latency, to make blockchain-based systems more scalable and responsive.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Lakshmi Sahasra, Thummalapally Anvitha Reddy, and K. Venkatesh Sharma, “Empowering Voting Integrity: An Empirical Study of Blockchain Smart Contracts in Electoral Systems”, Int. J. Comput. Eng. Res. Trends, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 37–46, Nov. 2023.
Section
Research Articles

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