Detection of Breast Cancer using MRI: A Pictorial Essay of the Image Processing Techniques
Poonam Jaglan, Dr. Rajeshwar Dass, Dr. Manoj Duhan, ,
Affiliations Research Scholar,Deenbandhu Chhottu Ram University of Science & Technology, Murthal.
Medical imaging generates the visual representation of the interior body parts for the clinical analysis/ medical intervention. Now a days, an advanced medical imaging technique i.e. MRI provides acute dissection anatomical information about the human soft tissues. MRI generally suffers from poor contrast, low quality due to improper brightness & blurriness. So contrast manipulation is compulsively needed. Image enhancement is taken as the initial step which defines the accuracy of result. The prime objective is to improve the visual appearance or to provide a better transform representation for future automated image processing like analysis, detection, segmentation & recognition. Among all the existing techniques of image enhancement, the appropriate choice must be influenced by the facts i.e. visual perspective, modality and climatic conditions. A trade-off between noise reduction and feature preservation of the original image depends upon the filter reconstruction ability and noise model. In this paper, four different filtering algorithms such as Median filter (MF), Gaussian filter (GF), Average filter (AF) and Wiener filter (WF) are used to compare the effects of most dominant noises in MR images by calculating the statistical parameters i.e. Mean Square Error, Peak Signal to Noise Ratio, Root Mean Square Error & Mean Absolute Error. Also the noise density was gradually added to MRI image for effective comparative analysis of the filters. Further, the proposed algorithm detected the tumor region appropriately.
Poonam Jaglan,Dr. Rajeshwar Dass,Dr. Manoj Duhan."Detection of Breast Cancer using MRI: A Pictorial Essay of the Image Processing Techniques". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.6, Issue 01,pp.238-245, January - 2019, URL :http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V6I0101.pdf,
Keywords : Enhancement, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mean Square Error, Mean Absolute Error, Peak Signal to Noise Ratio, Root Mean Square Error, Segmentation.
 Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods â€œ Digital Image Processingâ€ Third Edition
 M. K. S. Sivasundari, R. Siva Kumar, â€œPerformance Analysis of Image Filtering Algorithms for MRI Imagesâ€, Int. J. Res. Eng. Technol., vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 438â€“440, 2014.
 http://cancerworld.net/wpcontent/uploads/2017/01/Growing-cancer-burden-in-Indai.jpg, June, 2018.
 J Edge et. al., â€œMagnetic resonance imaging of the breast: A clinical perspectiveâ€, South African Journal of Radiology, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp: 61-64, 2012.
 https://myleftbreast.net/wpcontent/uploads/2011/04/breast_mri.jpg, March, 2018.
 https://www.verywellhealth.com/what-does malignant-and-benign-mean-514240, Sept., 2018.
 https://www.gleneagles.com.sg/facilities-services/centre-excellence/cancer-care/breast-cancer, August, 2018.
 P. Janani*, J. Premaladha and K. S. Ravichandran , â€œImage Enhancement Techniques: A Studyâ€ Indian Journal of Science and Technology, vol 8(22), September 2015.
 Yogesh S. Bahendwar, G.R.Sinha â€œ Efficient Algorithm For Denoising Of Medical Images Using Discrete Wavelet Transformsâ€ Mathematical Methods and Systems in Science and Engineering, ISBN: 978-1-61804-281-1
 Shailendra singh Negi, Yatendra Singh Bhandari â€œ A Hybrid approach to Image Enhancement using contrast stretching on image sharpening and the analysis of various cases arising using Histogramâ€ ICRAIE-2014, 978-1-4799-4040-0/14/2014.
Authors are not required to pay any article-processing charges (APC) for their article to be published open access in Journal IJCERT. No charge is involved in any stage of the publication process, from administrating peer review to copy editing and hosting the final article on dedicated servers. This is free for all authors.
News & Events
Latest issue :Volume 10 Issue 1 Articles In press
☞ INVITING SUBMISSIONS FOR THE NEXT ISSUE :
☞ LAST DATE OF SUBMISSION : 31st March 2023
☞ SUBMISSION TO FIRST DECISION : In 7 Days
☞ FINAL DECISION : IN 3 WEEKS FROM THE DAY OF SUBMISSION
All the authors, conference coordinators, conveners, and guest editors kindly check their articles' originality before submitting them to IJCERT. If any material is found to be duplicate submission or sent to other journals when the content is in the process with IJCERT, fabricated data, cut and paste (plagiarized), at any stage of processing of material, IJCERT is bound to take the following actions.
1. Rejection of the article.
2. The author will be blocked for future communication with IJCERT if duplicate articles are submitted.
3. A letter regarding this will be posted to the Principal/Director of the Institution where the study was conducted.
4. A List of blacklisted authors will be shared among the Chief Editors of other prestigious Journals
We have been screening articles for plagiarism with a world-renowned tool: Turnitin However, it is only rejected if found plagiarized. This more stern action is being taken because of the illegal behavior of a handful of authors who have been involved in ethical misconduct. The Screening and making a decision on such articles costs colossal time and resources for the journal. It directly delays the process of genuine materials.