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Experimental Study of the Effects of Machining Parameters on the Surface Roughness in the Turning Process

Vikas B. Magdum , Dr. Vinayak R. Naik , , ,
1* Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, D. K. T. E. Society’s Textile and Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, Maharashtra, India, 416115 2 Professor and Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering, D. K. T. E. Society’s Textile and Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, Maharashtra, India, 416115

In this work, experiments are carried out to study the effect of cutting parameters cutting speed, feed rate, and depth of cut on surface roughness during dry turning of 40C8. The objective of this study is to build multiple regression models for a better understanding of the effects of spindle speed, feed and depth of cut on the surface roughness. Full factorial design of experiments corresponding to trials was followed for the experimental design. Analysis of variance determines the contribution of each factor on the output. It is found that feed rate is the most influencing parameter affecting the surface roughness (44.13%) and is followed by cutting speed and depth of cut. The developed predicted model, which includes the effect of spindle speed, feed rate an extent h decrease t and any two-variable interactions, gives an accuracy of about 91.91 %. This study is helpful for understanding and controlling effect of cutting parameters on the surface finish of machined surfaces in dry turning operation.

Vikas B. Magdum , Dr. Vinayak R. Naik (2018). Experimental Study of the Effects of Machining Parameters on the Surface Roughness in the Turning Process. International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends, 5(5), 141-147. Retrieved from

Keywords : Surface Finish; ANOVA; Regression, Surface Roughness; Turning, SN ratio.

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